“By contrast with Catholic thought [described by the author as ‘linear’: “Salvation is something other than creation, and the human undergoes change as … he or she is transformed”], the essence of Lutheranism is that it is structured by a dialectic. There are two ways in which a human being can live: the one is to be designated ‘faith’, the other ‘sin’. Nor is it — unlike the linear structure of Catholicism — that the human can move from the one situation to the other while keeping the self intact, as though ‘nature’ were to be transformed by ‘grace’. On the one hand there is the stance of faith, in which a human looks wholly to God, basing himself ‘outside’ himself in God. On the other, there is sin, in which the human, wrapped up in himself, attempts in and of himself to be good enough for God. The stance of faith represents both salvation and creation, since salvation is the recovery of the relationship to God intended by the creator. The movement from sin to faith is a revolution and takes place through repentance and the recognition that the attempt to come to oneself apart from God was futile. Life is not to be conceived as a via for our inward change and the Christian looks not to something about the way he is but, rather, simply to God in whom he trusts” (Hampson, Christian Contradictions, 2-3).